Galerina paludosa (Fr.) Kühner   

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales

British distribution: Frequent in suitable habitats.
World distribution: Widespread.

Galerina paludosa

Galerina is a fairly large large genus in Britain, with 49 species listed by Watling & Gregory (1993) and with more undoubtedly awaiting discovery. Most are delicate, "mycenoid" species of mossy grassland, often northern or at altitude, and seem to be mostly saprotrophic or weakly parasitic on dead or dying mosses.

G. paludosa is one of several species that grow in Sphagnum. It typically occurs amongst rushes, etc. in marginal situations or in boggy ditches, rather than on the open surfaces of ombrotrophic bogs, where species such as G. sphagnorum may occur. It can usually be recognised macroscopically by the well-developed, persistent white veil which usually leaves a ring or ring-like zone on the stem.

Photographed at Cassells Moss, Dumfriesshire, 1980.

The genus is often confused with Conocybe, both genera having rust-brown spores and the same delicate habit. Both genera were formerly placed together in the genus Galera. However, Galerina is easily distinguished microscopically by its filamentous cap cuticle (cellular in Conocybe). The spore surface in Galerina is minutely roughened or ornamented, but this not always visible with a standard microscope.
Both genera may be common in short turf in lawns and pastures, but they tend not to occur together. Conocybe species occur on fertile, often base-rich soils, whereas Galerina species are more characteristic of acid, base-poor soils, and are much more likely to occur in bogs and hill grasslands.


Watling, R., & Gregory, N.M., (1993), British Fungus Flora, Agarics and Boleti. 7. Cortinariaceae, p.p.. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

© A.J. Silverside
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