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BIODIVERSITY REFERENCE
 
   Lycoperdon nigrescens Pers.    
 
   (= L. foetidum Bonord.)   
 
Dusky Puffball


Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Order: Agaricales
(formerly Lycoperdales)


British distribution: Throughout Britain
World distribution: Europe, N. America.


Lycoperdon nigrescens
 Lycoperdon nigrescens in base-poor, upland pasture, by Loch Thom, Renfrewshire, October 2001. 


Lycoperdon nigrescens is a common puffball of acid woodlands, heathlands and grasslands and on base-poor dunes. Its darkish colour is characteristic and it can be confirmed by the spines, which are short (< 3mm), converging, and in old fruitbodies break away leaving a reticulate pattern.

It is a true puffball, formerly grouped with other puffball-like fungi as a 'gasteromycete' and placed in the order Lycoperdales. However, as with other members of this order, it is now known to be closely allied to the true mushrooms (Agaricus) and has been transferred to the order Agaricales. A detailed description is provided by Pegler et al. (1995)


Reference
•   Pegler, D.N., Læssøe, T., & Spooner, B.M., (1995). British puffballs, earthstars and stinkhorns, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.



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