Index to the kingdom ANIMALIA

At present, only a selection of the major phyla is shown in the interim arrangement below. Additional phyla and lower ranks will be inserted as/when/if they are needed. Continuing molecular studies mean that that classification of the higher ranks is constantly changing; the arrangement below should not be regarded as definitive. See. e.g., Tree of Life web project.
As with other parts of this site, numerous additions await uploading, but time is a major limitation.

Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Porifera   (sponges)
No entries yet
 Phylum: Cnidaria   (coelenterates, e.g. jellyfish, sea anemones)
No entries yet
 Phylum: Platyhelminthes   (flatworms)
No entries yet
 Phylum: Rotifera   (rotifers)
No entries yet
 Phylum: Nematoda   (nematode worms)
No entries yet
 Phylum: Mollusca   (molluscs)
 Class: Gastropoda   (slugs, snails)
 Arion ater   (Large Black Slug)
 Limax maximus   (Leopard Slug)
 Cepaea nemoralis & C. hortensis   (Grove Snail, White-lipped Snail)
 Phylum: Annelida   (true worms and leeches)
No entries yet
 Phylum: Arthropoda   (arthropods)
 Subphylum: Chelicerata   (e.g. spiders and other arachnids)
 Class: Arachnida   (spiders, mites, harvestmen, scorpions)
 Order: Araneae   (true spiders)
 Araneus diadematus   (Garden Spider)
 Subphylum: Crustacea   (crustaceans)
No entries yet
 Subphylum: Hexapoda (Uniramia)   (e.g. insects, centipedes, millipedes, springtails)
 Class: Insecta   (insects)
 Order: Odonata   (dragonflies and damselflies)
 (suborder Zygoptera – damselflies)
 Coenagrion puella   (Azure Damselfly)
 Pyrrhosoma nymphula   (Large Red Damselfly)
 (suborder Anisoptera – dragonflies)
 Cordulegaster boltonii   (Golden-ringed Dragonfly)
 Sympetrum sanguineum   (Ruddy Darter)
 Sympetrum striolatum   (Common Darter)
 Order: Orthoptera   (crickets, grasshoppers and locusts)
 Chorthippus brunneus   (Field Grasshopper)
 Omocestus viridulus   (Common Green Grasshopper)
 Order: Hemiptera   (plant bugs, froghoppers, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids)  (now includes the Homoptera)
 Cicadella viridis   (a leafhopper)
 Order: Coleoptera   (beetles)
 Altica lythri   (a flea or leaf beetle)
 Cicindela campestris   (Green Tiger Beetle)
 Leptura quadrifasciata (= Strangalia quadrifasciata)    (a longhorn beetle)
 Phyllobius pomaceus   (Green Nettle Weevil)
 Rhagonycha fulva   (a soldier beetle)
 Order: Hymenoptera   (sawflies, bees, wasps and ants)
 (suborder Apocrita series Parasitica – ichneumons)
 Amblyteles armatorius
 (suborder Apocrita series Aculeata – bees, ants, social wasps, etc.)
 Myrmica ruginodis   (an ant)
 Vespula rufa   (Red Wasp)
 Order: Diptera   (true flies)
 (family Syrphidae – hoverflies)
 Eristalis pertinax   (a hoverfly)
 Episyrphus balteatus   (Marmalade Hoverfly)
 Sericomyia silentis   (a hoverfly)
 Mesembrina meridiana   (Mid-day Fly)
 Scathophaga stercoraria   (Common Yellow Dung Fly)
 Order: Lepidoptera   (butterflies and moths)
 Vanessa atalanta   (Red Admiral)
 Hoffmannophila pseudospretella & Endrosis sarcitrella   (House-moths)
 Phylum: Echinodermata   (echinoderms, e.g. sea urchins, starfish)
No entries yet
 Phylum: Chordata   (tunicates, vertebrates, etc.)
 Subphylum: Vertebrata   (vertebrates)
 Class: Aves   (birds)
 Fratercula arctica   (Atlantic Puffin)   [multiple images, may be slow to load; page optimised for 1280×1024 resolution]
 Class: Mammalia   (mammals)
 Phoca vitulina   (Common Seal)

Image Links
These are mostly sites I have come across and found useful as providing extensive galleries of good quality and generally correctly named images. As such, the list is far from comprehensive, but of use to at least myself.
Disclaimer: links to other sites are provided in good faith, but no responsibility can be accepted for contents of external sites. Anyone clicking a provided link must be aware that contents of pages may change and that domains may be sold and used for other purposes, and that it is their responsibility to maintain internet security.

Image Links: Animalia (general)

Animal Diversity Web
(University of Michigan Museum of Zoology)
A compendium of photographs and information, designed as a student resource.

David Element's Wildlife Web Pages
(David Element)
Comprehensive sets of photographs of vertebrates and the larger, terrestrial invertebrates. The page of long-horn beetles is nice!

Image Links: insects

     General entomology

Photos of insects
(Keith Edkins)
Good coverage of the different orders and especially good for hoverflies. All said to be photographed in Cambridge, mostly in the author's own garden, but a valuable national resource.

A Nature Observer's Scrapbook
(A. Dale)
"A nature observer's scrapbook of the diverse wildlife found in East Lincolnshire, UK." Covers a range of wildlife but especially strong on insects and contains a good range of photographs with really useful notes.

Photographs and pages on a wide diversity of insecta and some other arthropods.


British Dragonfly Society
Mostly excellent photographs of the British species and much other information.

Dragonflies and Damselflies of Europe
(Antoine van der Heijden)
Information, links and numerous photographs of European species.
I am disabling this link again due to unacceptable use of pop-ups and attempt to run ActiveX control. No doubt the site is harmless but Google it at your own risk if you wish to visit it.

     Hemiptera (including Homoptera)

Bedfordshire Scale Insects
A very useful page on this lesser-known group, photographs of a number of British species.

ScaleNet: a database of the Scale Insects of the World
A world information resource, supposedly with a gallery of photographs [but the latter non-operational, 10.10.2010].


The Coleopterist
Website for the journal, The Coleopterist, "the leading journal for students of the beetle fauna of the British Isles". The site includes a large and invaluable gallery of photographs of British beetles.

Ground Beetles of Ireland
(Ulster Museum)
Very valuable and useful site with outline accounts, maps and good quality photographs of the Irish species. Essential reference for anyone interested in carabids.

Fotogalerie Coleoptera
(Frank Köhler)
A major collection of photographs of European beetles, arranged by family (select family from the top-right frame). Good coverage of many groups, excellent for the carabids.

Beetles (Coleoptera) and Coleopterists
(Zoological Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg)
Massive and wonderful site, though not always easy to navigate. Each page is in English or Russian (click on the flag to switch between the two) but much is not translated and so English pages are often blank or may not load. From the front page, follow "Taxonomy and Phylogeny" and then "Scientific essays on beetle families" to get to information and many excellent images. Especially good for longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae).


BWARS   Bees, Wasps & Ants Recording Society
Major British information and activity resource, good galleries of photographs of the larger Hymenoptera.

The Bumblebee Pages
(L. Smith)
Includes much basic information, presented in in the form of clear summaries, and a photographic indentification table to the common British species.

     Diptera (photogallery)
(Paul Beuk)
Huge photographic resource (many contributing photographers), click the thumbnail for the family to go to the extensive and useful sets of species photographs. Part of a much larger Diptera information site.

Hoverfly Recording Scheme
Very important British information and activity resource, though in a forum format that can be slightly annoying. Although there is a "Photo Gallery" link, it seems quicker to use the Checklist for rapid access to information and photographs on a particular species.

Schwebfliegen (Syrphidae) Einzelübersicht
(Klaus Rennwald)
A large number of excellent hoverfly photographs.

Tachinid Recording Scheme (dedicated to recording UK tachinids)
(Chris Raper)
A somewhat understated but actually excellent information and activity site, with a very extensive set of photographs of the numerous species of the Tachinidae (access from the 'Tachinids' menu).


The Butterfly Website
Excellent compilation of links to Internet resources

UK Butterflies
(Peter Eeles)
An extensive information resource and comprehensive compilation of contributed photographs of British butterflies, including subspecies and other infraspecific variants. Friendly and helpful in relation to educational image use. A really good site!

Discover Butterflies in Britain
(David Newland)
Actually an extended book advert, but with news and a good set of photographs of British species.

Irish Butterflies
(Adrian Phelan)
Photographic guide to Ireland's butterflies

Lepidoptera and some other life forms
(Markku Savela)
Finnish butterflies and moths, including (or especially) their caterpillars. Valuable compilation in progress but needs some knowledge for successful navigation. Now expanded to include some other groups of organisms and photographs of species from other parts of the world.

European Butterflies and Moths
(Chris Jonko)
The link is to the English language version of the site. Vey large collection of butterfly and moth photographs.

UK Moths
(Ian Kimber)
An extensive and increasingly comprehensive compilation of contributed photographs of British moths, also a comprehensive list of further links. An excellent resource.

UK Lepidoptera
(Jeff Higgott)
Beautiful, high quality photographs of British butterflies and moths, mainly from East Anglia but of national relevance.

Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa
(Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti, Ilaria Pimpinelli, Rome)
Substantial and excellent reference site.

Image Links: other invertebrates

Walking with woodlice
(The Natural History Museum, London)
Recording woodlouse biodiversity, a site designed for schools. Includes a simple on-line key to the Britsih species, illustrated with clear photographs.

Nudibranchs of the British Isles
(Bernard Picton)
Authoritative and comprehensive account of British nudibranch sea-slugs, descriptions, photographs, biology, links to other sites.

The Slug Site
(Michael D. Miller)
"A home page devoted to the study of Opisthobranch Molluscs." A world resource on sea-slugs, with numerous links to other sites. Site design is a bit confusing, but scroll down to "past Nudibranch of the Week selections" for a long list of quality photographs.

Image Links: vertebrates

Major compilation on world amphibians, with emphasis on amphibian biology and conservation. Numerous photographs - go to 'Search the database' and use the search forms provided, or choose 'Browse Species Lists' from the left-hand menu that appears.

The Froggy Page
(Sandra Loosemore)
A home-page on frogs, from the seriously scientific to the seriously bizarre. Includes a large collection of images and links to other sites.

The TIGR Reptile Database
(Peter Uetz and Jakob Hallermann)
Large and very comprehensive resource: information and images on the world's reptiles.

Reptiles & Amphibians of the UK
(Gemma Fairchild & Philip Bowles)
Comprehensive site, with identification guide, news, forums; a key resource.
"The Net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds". Not only a series of discussion forums on British and world ornithology (and other natural history) but also a huge, searchable photographic gallery of British and foreign birds. Its exploration requires something of a learning curve and registration is required, but this is free and simple.

Links last checked and updated on or after 10th October 2010.
See general links page for web sites relating to British conservation and biodiversity, including broader-scope animal links.

A.J. Silverside, October 2010, last modified April 2014
(first hosted at, September 1998)
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